Friday, 23 February 2024
Friday, 23 February 2024

Smile Train: Bridging the Gap in Anaesthesia Safety for Low-Resource Settings

THE world’s largest cleft organisation, Smile Train, and safer surgery nonprofit, Lifebox, have come together to highlight and address a 30-year access gap that puts the lives of people undergoing surgery in low-resource settings at significant risk.

Capnography – a monitoring tool that shows if a patient is getting adequate air supply during anaesthesia – has been a staple in operating rooms (ORs) in high-income countries for more than three decades. Its introduction in the United States in 1991 led to a dramatic decline in anaesthesia-related complications and deaths. Yet, capnography remains largely unavailable across most low-resource setting operating rooms with research showing there is often a 100% gap between the need for capnography and its availability in low-income countries.

A capnograph is the best tool to detect a leading cause of anaesthesia-related complications and deaths in low-resource settings: the misplacement of the breathing tube supplying oxygen to the patient. Without an oxygen supply, a patient will suffer catastrophic harm in a matter of minutes, including brain damage and death. The risk of a misplaced breathing tube is greater in children. Increasing available capnography will significantly bridge the gap in anaesthesia safety for people—including children—undergoing surgery in low-resource settings.

Dr. Zipporah Gathuya, a paediatric anesthesiologist at The Nairobi Hospital, Kenya, and member of the Smile Train Global Medical Advisory Board said:

“Putting a person under anaesthesia without a capnograph is like flying blind – you lack the basic information required to keep them safe. As healthcare providers, we are concerned that our surgical patients are not monitored with this essential device, even though it’s a standard practice in wealthy countries. Capnography shouldn’t be a privilege; it’s a demand for patient safety everywhere, and it’s needed now.”

Working with industry partner Zug Medical Systems, Smile Train and Lifebox are making available the first high-quality, user-friendly, affordable capnograph with sturdy construction and long battery life. The Smile Train-Lifebox Capnograph meets robust specifications for both the monitoring of paediatric patients and use in low-resource settings and underwent rigorous laboratory and field testing.

Concerted efforts are now needed by the World Health Organization to update global guidelines for safe anaesthesia to come into line with high-income practice. Change in global guidelines and national practices would eventually drive the market demand for more affordable, durable capnographs suitable for use in resource-limited settings.

Anesthesiologist Dr. Elizabeth Igaga, Director of Programs Safety at Smile Train said:

“Capnography has safeguarded surgical patients in the United States for over 30 years and yet, until now, this lifesaving monitoring tool has unfortunately remained inaccessible for most operating rooms in Africa. The availability of the affordable Smile Train-Lifebox Capnograph is the first significant step to bridge this gap. We hope the WHO takes urgent steps to amend the guidelines for capnography use in safe anaesthesia, enabling its rapid adoption by low- and middle-income countries. Let’s close this gap and ensure that every surgical patient, regardless of their location, receives the care they deserve.”

This year 350 low-resource operating rooms will be equipped with the new Smile Train-Lifebox Capnograph – alongside training in its use for anaesthesia staff – including in Benin, Ethiopia, Philippines, and Uganda. This work is part of the Smile Train-Lifebox Safe Surgery and Anesthesia Initiative to strengthen the safety of paediatric anaesthesia and surgical care in low- and middle-income countries.

Smile Train President & CEO Susannah Schaefer said:

“For more than a decade Smile Train has worked with Lifebox to equip hospitals across the globe with essential monitoring tools for children undergoing surgery. The launch of the Smile Train-Lifebox Capnograph will have a transformative impact on the safety of every child with cleft undergoing surgery – strengthening surgical safety for all surgical patients as a result.”

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